Efecto antioxidante de la miel de abeja sobre la carne de conejo almacenada en refrigeración


  • Daniel Salvador López-Velasco Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Departamento de Zootecnia, km 38.5, carretera México-Texcoco, Texcoco, Estado de México, México, C. P. 56230.
  • Eliseo Sosa-Montes Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Departamento de Zootecnia, km 38.5, carretera México-Texcoco, Texcoco, Estado de México, México, C. P. 56230.
  • Arturo Pro-Martínez Colegio de Postgraduados, Recursos Genéticos y Productividad-Ganadería, Campus Montecillo, Texcoco, Estado de México, México.
  • Fernando González-Cerón Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Departamento de Zootecnia, km 38.5, carretera México-Texcoco, Texcoco, Estado de México, México, C. P. 56230.
  • Artemio Jovanny Vargas-Galicia Colegio de Postgraduados, Recursos Genéticos y Productividad-Ganadería, Campus Montecillo, Texcoco, Estado de México, México.



Palabras clave:

oxidación de lípidos, refrigeración, lomo de conejo


La oxidación de lípidos deteriora los alimentos, por lo que se usan antioxidantes sintéticos para disminuirla, sin embargo, estos compuestos en exceso poseen efectos carcinogénicos. Algunas plantas como el orégano, así como la miel de abeja, contienen antioxidantes naturales que no dañan la salud. Hasta el momento no se han encontrado registros del uso de la miel de abeja para disminuir la oxidación lipídica en carne de conejos. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la miel de abeja como antioxidante en la carne cruda de lomo de conejo almacenada en refrigeración a 4 °C. Se evaluó la actividad antioxidante (AA) de tres tipos de miel: oscura, ámbar y clara, para mezclarla con la carne de conejo. Se seleccionó la miel oscura por su mayor efecto antioxidante. Se prepararon 64 muestras de 100 g de carne cruda, 32 se mez-claron con 2 g de miel oscura y las otras 32 se dejaron sin miel (control). Las muestras se almacenaron a 4°C y se evaluó la AA y la concentración de malondialdehído (MDA) a los 0 d, 3 d, 6 d y 9 d de almacenamiento. La AA disminuyó y la concentración de MDA aumentó (P < 0.05) con el tiempo de refrigeración (cambios que indican deterioro de la carne). A los 3 d y 6 d, las muestras de carne cruda con miel exhibieron mayor AA (P < 0.05), y a los 6 d, menores valores de MDA (P < 0.05) comparadas con las muestras control (indicando que no hubo deterioro de la carne). La miel oscura de abeja contiene altas concentraciones de antioxidantes naturales que protegen a la carne cruda molida de lomo de conejo contra el daño oxidativo que puede presentarse durante la refrigeración, por lo que se recomienda su uso para este fin.


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Biotecnología y Ciencias Agropecuarias